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Pilot Lothar Waiz, testing the machine at Arado Brandenburg, quickly bailed from the wobbling double-hulled disc with Ar controls and attached tail unit failing to function, causing the machine to spin out of control and crash into the ground.
Not to be discouraged, the RFZ-2 was built the same year and achieved a measure of success. This was a very small armed disc with two light MGs that was used in for reconnaissance over the British Isles and in the South Atlantic with a rendezvous with the German commerce raider Atlantis during the same year. The RFZ 3, 4, and 6 were all prototypes that grew larger and more powerful in each subsequent test model.
They were built from This unit was tasked with developing both the Haunebu and Vril disc designs that utilized the world's first electro-magnetic-gravitic drive systems: These drives relied on Hans Coler's SS-adapted free energy Konverter Magnetstromapparat coupled to various Van De Graaf band generators and a Marconi vortex dynamo a huge spherical tank of heated mercury at the center of each craft to create powerful rotating electromagnetic fields that affected gravity and reduced mass.
Many have often inquired "why" then when war started in did Germany not use these advanced and unique machines in air combat? The simple truth lies in the fact that these machines, despite their superior overall performance to conventional piston-engine aircraft and early jets, could not be realistically adapted to any useful military role other than the most basic transport and reconnaissance work. The strong electromagnetic engines were difficult to control and required a complex celestial navigation system to fly.
While maximum speed and range were beyond belief, the flight characteristics of the discs could not hope to imitate high-performance fighters like the Me Bf or Fw in aerial combat. Early Messerschmitt Bf fighter. There was very little room for either offensive or defensive armament in these designs except for a few experimental light MG and MK cannons that proved impractical in flight and a large experimental Donar KSK Kraftstrahlkanone "Thunder" Power Ray Cannon.
These guns tended to destabilize the discs badly and were eventually removed or replaced with lighter automated guns, usually mounted above the control center of each disc. The disc bodies themselves were not capable of carrying any ordnance at all internally or externally no bombs, rockets, or missiles and could initially only make turns of Extreme heat shielding was also required due to the fantastic speeds at which these machines could achieve.
SS metallurgists came up with an advanced material known as Viktalen but the larger the design meant single, double, and even triple hulls to protect the crews. Viktalen was unusual in that it was more of an armor plating than of aircraft construction material. Due to the weight factor, especially in the Haunebu series these craft became enormous. Nevertheless, the SS pursued an aggressive policy of theft, forced cooperation, and strong internal development of these types of machines due to the increasing Allied bombing offensive that made conventional aircraft take-offs and landings highly dangerous as the war progressed towards imminent defeat.
If the SS could develop a production machine that in the future could be armed with cannon, missiles, electrostatic, or even plasma weapons then Germany might be able to turn the air war. Those with aeronautical skill enough to contribute to the SS effort were either arrested or coerced into participating in the programs - among them Viktor Schauberger of Austria and Henri Coanda of Rumania.
The SS also used its large slave labor force to assist in construction of large underground facilities for these discs and often for production of components to these machines. Speer was considered untrustworthy and a security risk like Rudolf Hess had been. It has been alleged postwar that Hess held secret knowledge of the German disc programs and both the Antarctic and Argentine bases; thus, for that reason alone was held isolated from the world ever since his capture.
We will never know as his secrets died with him in either as a result of suicide or murder. Among those being held, Viktor Schauberger became the leader of most interest due to his highly unconventional promotion of vortex technology which was perfected while he was in SS custody at Mauthausen.
Originally designed for an odd SS bio-submarine the strange Repulsin discoid motors, started in with help from the Kertl Company , were to be eventually adapted to aircraft. In , a year after the Repulsin Model A motor was being studied one of Heinkel's own flight engineers named Rudolf Schriever proposed his own "Flugkreisel" Flight Gyro that utilized conventional jet engines instead of the Repulsin discoid motor.
His design was taken from him by the SS and handed over to a team of scientists for further study and construction of a large flying prototype.
The primary team consisted of Dr. Richard Miethe, Klaus Habermohl, and Dr. Giuseppe Belluzzo plus six more engineers that remained unnamed even after the war. Giuseppe Belluzo, the only Italian among them, had come up with his own design for a jet powered round flying bomb - the Turboproietti Turbine Projectile that would later remove him from the Flugkreisel program entirely and return him to the Fiat Riva Del Garda facility in Italy.
Meanwhile, BMW who were to provide the turbojets for the Flugkreisel started internal work on a design very similar to Schriever's Flugkreisel but utilizing the company's own BMW jet engines.
These machines, called "Flügelrads" Winged Wheels were not true disc aircraft but jet auto-gyros that used a standard BMW turbojet with a Strahlrohr Jet pipe deflector to power a multi-blade disc rotor. These craft were built on a much smaller scale than Schriever's Flugkreisel, so work proceeded from with construction of prototypes beginning in Instability, however, was never really solved in the earlier designs.
Most remained either tethered during testing or only made short hops. Schriever's own design began to take shape in and flew in It flew under jet power provided by three attached special kerosene-burning engines driving the disc rotor as well as two kerosene jets attached to the body for forward thrust and horizontal stability.
Its jets made a horrendous whine as the large disc took time to power-up before take-off. Flight characteristics were said to be fair with the exception of inherent instability at low speed. But then the SS decided to abruptly drop Schriever's jet-fan design in favor of one of Dr. Miethe's designs that eliminated the large disc rotor blades driven by jet engines altogether for Schauberger's vortex engine, but on a larger scale.
With Schauberger released back to Leonstein, Austria in by the SS the Miethe prototype constructed in Breslau took to the air the same year over the Baltic. It's resemblance to the Repulsin Model B was unmistakable except for the addition of a bubble cockpit on top and water drainage bleed pipes to the rear of the craft instead of at the bottom.
This was a unique unmanned disc that burned oxygen and nitrogen in a superheated chamber injected with helium to produce tremendous thrust. It is perhaps this design alone that could be the mysterious, often-quoted V-7 weapon. At the same time, a private venture with official backing from Air Ministry General Udet was taking shape in Leipzig.
Arthur Sack, a farmer, who caught the attention of Udet way back in with his A. Sack took up the challenge and built four more models of increasing size.
Within a month the strange largely wooden aircraft utilizing salvaged parts from a Me Bf was taxiing and making attempts to fly.
But this project was doomed from the start with an underpowered engine and plagued by structural problems which meant that the aircraft could "hop"- but never fly - even when a Me Komet pilot based at Brandis AB gave it a try. Like the chief test pilot, the Komet pilot suggested that the A. Messerschmitt Me Komet, Had Sack listened instead of forging ahead on his own, the next design designated A. Due to round-the-clock bombing by the SS was forced to try even more drastic measures, launching unmanned interceptor discs from German occupied territory.
These discs were known as the "Feuerball" weapon, sometimes erroneously referred to as the mystery V-7 weapon or an aerial Flakmine. The WNF Feuerball relied on a flattened circular turbojet for launch, a plume sensor for aerial detection, and an electrostatic field weapon invented at Messerschmitt's Oberammergau facility for attack.
Because the discs burned chemicals around its ring to create the electrostatic field necessary to disable Allied bomber engines and airborne radar the object was soon nicknamed the "Foo Fighter" by the Allies who sighted this fiery halo weapon approaching them by day or night.
By that time production had been shifted to the Zeppelin Werke that named their enlarged improved weapon as the "Kugelblitz" Ball Lightning. These were launched form the Schwarzwald Black Forest. The Allies seemed confused by these weapons which ranged in size from small to large and attacked in singles or multiples.
Their large round shape and metallic coating reflected in daylight gave them the appearance of a shining globe mistaken for a Feuerball.
Along with the Seifenblasen were launched purely spherical aerial probes that were used as psychological weapons. These "Kugelwaffen" Ball Weapons initiated in played aerial games with the Allied bomber gunners that would have in time distracted them from the real threat of larger approaching Kugelblitz discs. Chronologically, the smaller Kugelwaffen seem to be the predecessors to the Feuerball as several are seen in photos taken over Japan as a technology transfer. Das können Sie bei zulassungsbeschränkten Studiengängen tun, sobald Sie sich erfolgreich beworben haben und zugelassen worden sind.
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