Imperial Cleaning

History of the Social Democratic Party of Germany

One of the nicest original Third Reich table decorations we ever had!

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Zeitumstellung — ein Ja zur MEZ. Gegen Nazis — jede Geste zählt. Wohin mit der Kraft Hier können Sie Ihren Leserbrief bequem, schnell und einfach online verfassen. Aktuelle Termine und Veranstaltungen im Landkreis Uelzen.

Traumjob oder den neuen Mitarbeiter finden? Jetzt das Sommerabo buchen und Prämien sichern. Sie werden es lieben: Kein Glück mit dem Geld Uelzen. Wie kann man so dilettantisch agieren? Es ist ein vorläufiges Ende mit Ansage. Wegen der veralteten Bühnentechnik — sie ist so alt wie das Gebäude selbst — muss das Theater an der Ilmenau mitten im laufenden Betrieb geschlossen werden.

Ein Drama in drei Akten Uelzen. Wetter in Uelzen Uelzen - Freisprechung der Azubis der Lüneburger Kreishandwerkerschaft. Wie entsteht eigentlich eine Zeitung?

Betrunkener Opel-Fahrer 45 fährt gegen Baum und beleidigt Polizisten. Fusionspläne für Finanzämter in Uelzen und Lüchow Uelzen. Die beiden Finanzämter Uelzen und Lüchow sollen zusammengelegt werden.

Pläne dazu hat das Finanzministerium vorgelegt. Es herrscht Unruhe bei der Uelzener Belegschaft. A major pension reform law extended the accessibility of pension insurance by providing generous possibilities for backpayments of contributions, while adjustment of currently paid out pensions was brought forward by 6 months.

The Rehabilitation and Assimilation Law of improved and standardised benefits for the disabled, while a law was passed that same year on the establishment of an additional relief fund for persons employed in agriculture and forestry. Another law, passed in August that same year, supplemented this protection by providing that henceforth the benefits for the purposes of medical and occupational rehabilitation would be the same for all the categories of persons concerned: A law on home-based workers, passed by the Federal Parliament in June , sought to modernise the working conditions of approximately people who work at home by means of the following measures: In , domestic aid during in-patient or in-patient cures was established, sick pay to compensate for wages lost while caring for a child was introduced, and the time-limit to in-patient care was removed.

That same year, the cover of rehabilitation services was increased, together with the cover of dental and orthodontic services. In , a number of amendments were made to the Federal Social Assistance Act. A number of liberal social reforms in areas like censorship, [75] homosexuality, [50] divorce, education, and worker participation in company management were introduced, [76] whilst social security benefits were significantly increased. Increases were made in unemployment benefits, [77] while substantial improvements in benefits were made for farmers, students, war invalids, the sick, families with many children, women, and pensioners between and , which led to a doubling of benefit and social security payments during that period.

The Law on Sickness Insurance for Farmers included the self-employed, their dependants and people who receive old age assistance in sickness insurance. The Law on the Social Insurance of Disabled Persons included in sickness and pension insurance disabled persons employed in workshops and institutions under certain conditions, while a law was passed in June that year to include all students in statutory sickness insurance.

Educational reforms were introduced which led to the setting up of new colleges and universities, much greater access for young people to the universities, increased provision for pre-school education, and a limited number of comprehensive schools. A more active regional and industrial policy was pursued, [51] tighter rules against dismissal were introduced, [82] day care was introduced for children between the ages of three and six, [83] spending on dental services, drugs, and appliances was increased, [84] environmental protection legislation was passed, [85] expenditure on education at all levels was increased, [86] a tax reform bill was passed, lowering the tax burden for low-income and middle-income groups, [87] the average age of entry into the workforce was increased, working time was reduced, social assistance and unemployment compensation were made more generous, early-retirement options were introduced, and municipalities received more generous federal grants to expand social infrastructure such as conference halls, sports facilities and public swimming pools.

The Federal Law on Personnel Representation, which came into force in April , gave increased co-management rights to those employed in factories and offices in the public sector. The staff councils were given an increased say in social and personal matters, together with a wider operational basis for their activities in connection with day release and training opportunities.

The arrangements governing cooperation between the staff councils and the trade union were also improved. Young workers were given increased rights of representation, while foreign workers received voting rights and thus achieved equality in this respect with German employees. A new federal scale of charges for hospital treatment and a law on hospital financing were introduced to improve hospital treatment, the Hire Purchase Act entitled purchasers to withdraw from their contracts within a certain time limit, compensation for victims of violent acts became guaranteed by law, the Federal Criminal Investigation Office became a modern crime-fighting organisation, and the Federal Education Promotion Act was extended to include large groups of pupils attending vocational schools.

A law to improve the system of sickness benefits provided that those insured would receive compensation when obliged to stay at home to care for a sick child and thereby incurring a loss of income. An insured person could request unpaid leave of absence on such occasions. The same law established the right to a home help, to be paid for by the health service, where the parents are in hospital or undergoing treatment, provided that the household included a child under 8 or a handicapped child required special care.

In the field of housing, Brandt stated that the aims of the SPD-FDP government were improving housing benefit, developing a long-term programme of social housing construction, and to increase owner-occupation. As noted by Mark Kleinman, this led to a boom in housing construction, with output peaking at , in before falling to under , in A Federal Education Grants Act was also introduced, which opened up better chances of higher education for low-income children.

The Social Democrats were unanimous about the armament and environmental questions of that time, and the new party The Greens was not ready for a coalition government then. Kohl lost his last re-election bid in to his SPD challenger Gerhard Schröder , as the SPD formed a red-green coalition with The Greens to take control of the German federal government for the first time in 16 years. Led by Gerhard Schröder on a moderate platform emphasizing the need to reduce unemployment, the SPD emerged as the strongest party in the September elections with Crucial for this success was the SPD's strong base in big cities and Bundesländer with traditional industries.

Forming a coalition government with the Green Party , the SPD thus returned to power for the first time since Oskar Lafontaine , elected SPD chairman in November had in the run-up to the election forgone a bid for the SPD nomination for the chancellor candidacy, after Gerhard Schröder won a sweeping re-election victory as prime minister of his state of Lower Saxony and was widely believed to be the best chance for Social Democrats to regain the Chancellorship after 16 years in opposition.

From the beginning of this teaming up between Party chair Lafontaine and chancellor candidate Schröder during the election campaign , rumors in the media about their internal rivalry persisted, albeit always being disputed by the two. After the election victory Lafontaine joined the government as finance minister.

The rivalry between the two party leaders escalated in March leading to the overnight resignation of Lafontaine from all his party and government positions. After staying initially mum about the reasons for his resignation, Lafontaine later cited strong disagreement with the alleged neoliberal and anti-social course Schröder had taken the government on.

Schröder himself has never commented on the row with Lafontaine. It is known however, that they haven't spoken to each other ever since. Schröder succeeded Lafontaine as party chairman. A number of progressive measures were introduced by the Schröder Administration during its first term in office. The parental leave scheme was improved, with full-time working parents legally entitled to reduce their working hours from onwards, while the child allowance was considerably increased, from euros per month in to euros in Changes introduced by the Kohl government on pensions, the continued payment of wages in the case of sickness, and wrongful dismissal were all rescinded.

Tax reforms brought relief to people on low-incomes and benefited families, while a second pillar was added to the pension system which relied on self-provision for retirement. In the September elections , the SPD reached Earlier the same year, leadership of the SPD had changed from chancellor Gerhard Schröder to Franz Müntefering , in what was widely regarded as an attempt to deal with internal party opposition to the economic reform programs set in motion by the federal government.

While the SPD was founded in the 19th century to defend the interests of the working class , its commitment to these goals has been disputed by some since , when its leaders supported the suppression of more radical socialist and communist factions during the Spartacist Uprising.

But never before has the party moved so far away from its traditional socialist stance as it did under the Schröder government. Its ever-increasing tendency towards liberal economic policies and cutbacks in government spending on social welfare programs led to a dramatic decline in voter support.

By early , membership figures had fallen behind the ones of the CDU for the first time ever. These developments put pressure on the SPD to do something about its social image.

In April , party chairman Franz Müntefering publicly criticized excessive profiteering in Germany's market economy and proposed stronger involvement of the federal state in order to promote economic justice. This triggered a debate that dominated the national news for several weeks. Müntefering's suggestions have been met with popular support, but there has also been harsh criticism not only by the industrial lobby.

Nevertheless, the overall result was sufficient to deny the opposition camp a majority. However, Müntefering resigned as party chairman and was succeeded as chairman by Matthias Platzeck , minister-president of Brandenburg. Müntefering's decision came after the party's steering committee chose a woman from the left wing of the party, Andrea Nahles , as secretary general over Müntefering's choice, his long-time aide Kajo Wasserhövel.

However, after Müntefering said her election indicated that he had lost the confidence of the party and he would therefore resign, Nahles turned down the post of secretary general to prevent the party splitting. Hubertus Heil was elected in her place. On April 10, Matthias Platzeck announced his resignation of the Chair because he suffered a major hearing loss in March He won the full leadership on a small party convention on May He resigned on September 7, ; on September 8, the party's executive committee nominated Franz Müntefering to be elected as chairman at an extraordinary party conference on October 18, In the meantime Frank-Walter Steinmeier serves as provisional chairman.

During the Schröder administration, Schröder and Lafontaine disliked each other, because Lafontaine quit as Finance Minister in After his resignation there was a huge distrust of Lafontaine in the SPD which lasts to today. However, due to the rise of Angela Merkel and Guido Westerwelle on the national stage of politics in and a belief in the German public of the failed social policies of the SPD on labour issues Hartz IV , the SPD lost heavily in opinion polls and lost a couple of statewide elections.

So there was the urgency to form new coalitions with the Left who have a similar political agenda than the weakened Green Party or the other conservative parties in Germany. So, a state leader of the SPD - Andrea Ypsilanti - choose to form a minority coalition with the Left in Hesse after a lost state election in January This decision was heavily criticized by national leaders of the SPD. But the leader at that time - Kurt Beck - was for the coalition in Hesse and supported Ypsilanti.

Beck who is a popular minister-president has lost a lot reputation on a national level because of the support. At an emergency session of leaders of the SPD, Kurt Beck resigned the chairmanship of the SPD, because after 8 months there was no coalition and Beck was criticized for supporting Ypsilanti.

In November , the Landtag in Hesse was dissolved and there will be new elections in January But several other state leaders of SPD have started flirting with the "Left" and today there is a huge struggle in the SPD on how to treat the Left in order to gain Bundesrat seats to be once again a true national party.

Furthermore, today in the SPD there is rift between two internal factions of the party. One side of the party - the right-wing Seeheimer Kreis refuses to do coalitions with the Left Party. The other side of the party - the political left of the SPD - embraces coalitions with the radical Left. Members include Andrea Ypsilanti and Andrea Nahles.

Also a reason for today's struggle with the Left is that the SPD is currently itself in a national coalition with the conservative coalition. So the SPD is in a dual struggle. At first the struggle for not endangering the national coalition with Merkel and therefore endangering a national political crisis that maybe result in further losses for the SPD.

And secondly the struggle for not forgetting the roots where the SPD came from, because the SPD itself is left party, whose political positions have been eaten by the Left party.

So the SPD has to position itself again. After the coalition talks completed in February , the party held a vote to let its members decide about the new coalition treaty with the CDU and CSU parties. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. From Ghetto To Government by W. Biesinger 1 January A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present.

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University of Michigan Press. Gender and the Two World Wars. The German Revolution, The Politics of the Body in Weimar Germany: Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: A History of Germany: Democracy and its discontents — by Dennis L. Bark and David R. Time and Poverty in Western Welfare States: United Germany in Perspective. Japan and Central Europe Restructuring: Experience from Nine European Countries.

Two Centuries of Solidarity: Party Competition and Social Protection in Europe. International Handbook on Comparative Business Law. The Constitution of the Social by Hans F. A Documentary Guide edited by G. The Long Road West: Women in the Two Germanies: Children, Families, and States: University of Toronto Press. Poverty and Inequality in Common Market Countries. Tobias Schrank ". Retrieved from " https: Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June CS1 German-language sources de Articles containing German-language text Wikipedia articles in need of updating from February All Wikipedia articles in need of updating All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Views Read Edit View history.

This page was last edited on 9 August , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. With all of this, the SPD and the Free Trade Unions were not only delivering the necessary tools for the political and social struggle, but were also a cultural movement in the widest sense of the term.

They pressed successfully for some constitutional changes like the secret ballot and payment of MPs , which permitted lower middle and working-class men, with no other income, to put themselves forward as deputies for the Reichstag. In , they supported measures whereby Alsace-Lorraine was given Reichstag representation and universal male suffrage at 21 years was introduced. They also successfully resisted the taxation proposals that would hit the working man harder and promoted progressive taxes, whereby those with the most would be forced to pay more.

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