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Ornithogalum fimbriatum The same sp. Results of the post-U.

Master James Ladis

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This beautiful tiny iris I described as subsp. Now I have three acquisitions of it. Common to all are slim, long flower parts combined with a small size of the flowers and black anthers. Flowers are distinctly reddish purple with velvety falls and pinkish to reddish purple standards. We found this marvellous reticulata iris while searching for Iris albomarginata a juno.

It was out of flowers and its bulb looked rather similar to Iris kolpakowskiana but was growing at a too high altitude for it. The following spring, when this beauty bloomed for the first time in cultivation, we beheld one of the most beautiful reticulata irises ever seen with dark purple white-rimmed falls. I named it after Pskem ridge in Uzbekistan where it grows in a place now closed for foreigners. This sample was collected in Turkish Kurdistan, just after Bilaloglu vil. Falls sharply pointed with a small yellow ridge in the middle and a few minute white spots on either side.

Comparing with JRRK it has wider, rounded falls and in general is something lighter purple. This almost bicoloured form was collected at m altitude in the Zagros mouintains in W Iran. Its flowers are dark blue with almost black falls. Iranian reticulata irises are full of surprises and I think that from there several new, different species will be described, when someone will start deeper research on them. One of very excellent discoveries in Iran where several still unpublished reticulata irises are growing wild.

I collected it during my first trip to Iran close to locus classicus. It has nice very light bluish colour, is something variable, and quite good grower under cover.

Stock still is very limited. Muscari in general are much overlooked plants but among them are incredible beauties. Among the best is one of the rarest in the wild species, discovered not long ago and known only by a few plants in three small localities. Although in the wild it grows in very special conditions on glistening white ground composed of marble or limestone chips, in culture it turned out to be a very good grower in a standard pot mix, too.

A very nice species described only in with tiny flowers attached with short pedicels to a reddish tinted flower stalk. Fertile flowers almost black with a slight purplish shade and large recurved white lobes distinctly constricted at the mouth.

Fertile flowers very light blue, making excellent contrast. There are not many plants so widely distributed and so variable as it is in M. This one was originally collected in Turkey few km NE from Yagmurlu, at alt. Flowers nice, sky blue, not constricted, on a cm long scape. Our stock is raised from seed coll. Bulb sheets are yellow, comparatively with plants size it is forming very large bulbs. A rarely cultivated Muscari from Morocco where it grows at m altitude in the Middle Atlas mnt.

Hardy in the greenhouse, although foliage may suffer in winter. Flowers arranged in fine heads of blue-black, buds china blue. My stock was grown from seeds collected wild by Jim Archibald. Muscari latifolia has very wide leaves, so it got nickname - "Muscari with Tulipa leaves". Unfortunately at present most of its stocks in trade are virusinfected, so Janis specially searched for new stock in its homeland, Turkey, and he collected few bulbs which later was carefully multiplied from seeds.

Between seedlings of this stock occasionally can appear white blooming individuals. We took them out for separate multiplying, but it don't mean that such can't appear if you will continue sawing. At least we can guarantee that this stock is completely virus-free. Beautiful seed raised stock and so it is virus-free comparing with heavy infected stocks usually offered on trade. Flowers at opening are light pink to violet turning later to bright yellow and are tremendously fragrant.

Makes fat bulbs with perennial roots. Nice even at seed-time due large seed capsules. A wonderfully beautiful Muscari where it is not easy to decide when it is more lovely - in flower or in fruit.

Forms long spikes with the lower flowers greenish yellow tipped brown, in the middle purple with yellow tips and the uppermost — bright violet blue with pinkish tips. Flowers attached to very short pedicels, hence the large inflated seed capsules densely cover the stem keeping the plant very beautiful even long after flowering.

Muscari miniarmeniacum - species nova. This tiny Muscari with very bright blue flowers resembles Muscari armeniacum, but it is much more delicate, with distinctly smaller flower spikes densely covered with small flowers. It still is not published, but the name seem will remain without changes. A quite recently described species somewhat similar to M. In the wild with one leaf but in cultivation usually with two leaves.

Representative of Muscarimia with large spikes of cold white flowers with brown lobes in lower part which gradually changes to slightly lilac shade at top. Makes bulbs with perennial roots and seldom makes offsets. Raised up from seeds and its greatest advantage compared to plants usually available from Dutch companies is that it is virus-free. The fertile flowers of this dwarf species are stumpy deep blackish blue with widely open and flared white lobes, sterile flowers light blue to violet.

Up to four, narrow, channelled leaves curl on the ground below a stem bearing a quite large flower spike. A true wild form from the N Caucasus, where it grows in rock crevices. Flowers variable - white and very light blue, sometimes with a yellowish tint in small spikes. A late blooming species.

One of the most beautiful Muscari. This species is close to M. In this stock flowers are something lilac shaded blue composed in wide spikes. Undoubtedly the best white muscari I have ever seen. It forms incredibly large and dense spikes of the purest milky white. It has pale sky blue, widely open at mouth flowers in very compact dwarf spikes. Excellent show flower for exhibition in pots. Muscari species nova BATM It has so large and magnificent flowers that even from distance we understood that is found something very special.

It is growing on extremely wet, even overflooded in blooming time meadow, making large clumps. Actually, it was great luck to be there in time, as we revisited locality twice in following years and in both cases it was already eaten by sheep or finished blooming. A little higher on dry slopes I found very special crocus later published as Crocus sakaltutanensis, but this Muscari still is waiting for good name.

A beautiful representative of Leopoldia with long spikes with slightly lilac-tinted, even pinkish blue sterile flowers and deep blue fertile flowers on short pedicels along the stem. From N of Refahye in Turkey. The easternmost-occurring species of this genus from the Kopet Dag mountains in Turkmenistan. It has up to 2 cm broad leaves. The raceme is some cm tall with up to 20 flowers. Very rare in collections. One of the earliest ornithogalums in my collection. Up to 12 snow-white flowers in a rosette of leaves.

Prefers a sunny position in a well-drained sandy soil. My stock comes from Ulu Dag mnt. It turned very good grower, and, what is most important - it is virus-free, what not always we can tell about old cultivated garden stocks of this beautiful species. This unique ornithogalum was for the first time offered last year at twice as high price, but everyone customer got instead of one ordered plant two plants. This species is completely selfsterile, so due very good bulb crop I doubled number of bulbs for each order to ensure further propagation by seeds.

So this year I reduced price to half. It still is not published and so name could be changed later, but it is very unique between other ornithogalums and according its discoverer Arnis Seisums most likely belongs even to new series. Flowers white, height 15 cm. One of my favorites. A very beautiful species with very large white flowers in a dense umbel within a rosette of wide glossy green leaves, appearing in autumn but overwintering very well.

It is one of the earliest flowering species here, in a milder climate can bloom in winter. Sometimes the start of blooming is reported even in December. Superficially similar to O. Prefers a sunny position in a well-drained soil, forms up to 12 snow-white flowers, height cm. Nice large flowering species with green-white flowers in compact raceme among wide leaves up to 20 cm high. Needs dry summer rest.

In any case good grower in garden. Seedlings of this very variable, beautiful and well growing in our conditions species, which prefer garden conditions to pot growing.

Flowers deep pink, only the petal base white, the throat greenish shaded. The request for Oxalis last year was so high that I sold out almost all named stocks and left only few plants. So this year I decided to offer seedlings of O. They are not sorted out by colour, so each plant can be different. Mostly they are selsawn individuals collected in pots of other bulbs, but it is very hardy species growable both - on open field and in pots.

Recently named variety with light soft pink flowers with brownish nervation, more prominent in the small, greenish yellow throat but disappearing at the edge. Oxalis ennaephylla Sweet Sue. An excellent selection with very large flowers, the white ground colour of petals so densely covered with a deep blue enervation that flowers seem darker blue. Leaves are very beautifully undulated but this cv. Flowers very variable in colour in different bluish, pinkish and purplish shades. Leaves with narrow lobes, mostly with very beautifully curved and wavy edges, but very variable in shape and colour, too.

Very different from all other Oxalis grown by me and completely hardy outside where it blooms every year. Actually found by Arnis Seisums, all bulbs were forwarded to Janis as supoposed to be ordinar S. Only in cultivation was found that it differs from traditional species by pink flowers and forming of leaves only in spring whilst other species are going in winter with green leaves and therefor is lass hardy than new Prospero Scilla seisumsiana.

A gorgeous almost pure white form of P. It appears creamy white as the yellow pollen is visible through the white petals.

It is vigorous in growth, forming 20cm tall spikes, and even more floriferous than ordinary peshmenii so named Rix form , grown in gardens before our team found this beauty during BATMAN expedition near Tatvan-Van road. Very recently I found glistening white form of it in Iran, but this still needs multiplying. Puschkinia peshmenii Rix form. A recently described species from Hakkari Province in the very south east of Turkey and adjacent Iran, where it grows at the edge of snow at up to m.

It is unique in its greenish flowers, which open when the leaves are well developed and forms very nice looking spikes packed with flowers of very unusual colour. The six anther filaments fuse at their base to form a vestigial cup. These bulbs are vegetatively propagated from the type accession, which was collected by Martyn Rix.

Puschkinia scilloides Aragat's Gem. A wild collected stock of this well-known plant, slender, with bigger flowers and a far better arrangement of the raceme than in usually cultivated stocks, resembling a hyacinth, and of the darkest blue colour. Ranunculus ficaria Coffee Cream. Some regards Ranunculus ficaria or Ficaria verna as weeds, but this variety found near Plymouth by R. It is slowest increaser between all celandines grown in my collection. A large plant with large cream flowers and brown reverses.

Slight silver markings on the leaves. We plant them in slightly shaded spots in the grass where it makes excellent colour display in spring. Unusually shaped flowers - fully double centres with an outer ring of petals. The flowers are tucked tight into the marbled foliage in spring and are bright golden-yellow. The centres are tightly packed with petals with an outer 'cog' of single petals.

It is very eye-catching. A robust, long-lived and easily grown plant given a moist soil. Like all the garden Celandines it appears early in the year showing its marbled leaves. The buds can appear early too but remain tight until spring arrives. After flowering the plant retreats underground and rests until late winter. This beautiful form was selected by Taavi Tuulik on Hiiumaa island in Estonia.

Flowers very abundantly and is a good addition to the already known varieties. A very elegant species with bright violet-blue flowers with a deep blue midrib and a small white centre nicely positioned on a purplish tinted stalk.

Outer tepals are slightly rolled back. Easy in both pots and the garden. This nice Scilla has only one occasionally two bright violet-blue flowers per scape, but the larger number of scapes which can be up to 10 from a well-established bulb makes up for the small number of flowers.

This is some cm tall species with two to four leaves at ground level and a densely packed spike of horizontal, only slightly pendant starry flowers in bright mid blue.

Each bloom is some 1 cm across and is held on a short pedicel just clear of the stem. A native of light woodlands, this is happy in similar conditions of light shade and a humus rich soil and it is reputed to naturalise in time.

Easily grown but not a common plant and very rarely offered. Numerous, up to 9, big, deep violet flowers on 15 cm stems. Its leaves are purple suffused and almost adpressed to the ground at flowering time, what gives the plant a charming appearance.

One of my favourite scillas. This is a very nice and distinct scilla with violet-blue flowers composed in an erect raceme. Flower segments are somewhat narrow but nicely reflexed. It was collected by BATM team in Turkey at m in cracks of rocks and under shrubs where it grew in peaty clay soil together with Hyacinthus orientalis. This Iranian Scilla in flower shape resembles the better-known S.

Quite variable in height and some forms have long spikes with up to 18 flowers. Offered are seedlings of rather variable height and colour. An excellent form of this beautiful sp. It has numerous very long racemes with up to 10 flowers on each spike. In any case very different from the wild S. One of the best. This beauty is somewhat similar to S. Collected some 50 km from Tunceli on Munzur ridge, in Kurdish district partly closed to foreign visitors.

Each scape has up to five flowers of lovely, clear sky-blue colour and often is formed 3 scapes from bulb. One of the earliest scillas flowering in the garden together with the earliest crocuses. Flowers are bluish white with a darker midrib. This plant comes from Zagros Mountains in Iran and forms 30 cm stems with long, slender racemes of bright mid-blue, flat starry flowers, each one on a long flower-stalk.

Flowering progresses up the stem as the buds open and the total time in bloom is much longer than in other species. Easy outside in the garden in very light shade or full sun, but during black frost needs covering. Flowers very beautiful vivid blue with white centre. The perianth segments are sharply reflexed like in erythroniums.

I grow it in full sun, in peaty soil, never allowing it to dry out. From Chra-Ckaro pass, Georgia. Scilla rosenii in itself is a plant of exceptional beauty, but its albino form has no competition, with the purest white flowers of perfect form and yellow anthers, only some albino forms of S. Selected by me in a large wild population in Georgia. This is the more known name for species which actually must be named as S. This scilla belongs to our real favourites producing several long erect spikes with many densely spaced very light sky blue flowers.

In Janis garden notebooks I read written down — both winogradowii and monanthos are very similar or even identical, although the plants from Turkey are somewhat less floriferous. This marvellous hybrid was selected from seedlings of Scilla rosenii, which easy hybridize with S.

The hybrid show all vigour of such hybrids, flowers are of deep colour of S. A gorgeous, intensely yellow to yellow-orange species from Turkey and Israel, which flowers bare, or with slightly developed leaves in Autumn. The flowers are chalice shaped and appear through the ground on short stalks, which elongate after the blooms open and resembles stemless tulip flower of huge size.

It really does appreciate a hot, dry summer bake in the ground to make it flower well so here it is usable only for growing in greenhouse and this species can make huge bulbs comparing with other sternbergias. A beautiful tiny sternbergia with small bright yellow flowers almost at soil level; the longitudinal narrow twisted dark green leaves appear only in spring, so it can be grown outside here. Offered stock comes from Ukraina, Crimea now occupied by Russia and regularly blooms in our collection.

Large buttercup yellow flowers early in autumn with narrow deep green leaves. I grow it in an unheated polytunnel because outside during our winters leaves usually suffer serious damage from cold. A combination of distinctive characteristics produces an elegant triteleia. The exquisite shades of rose-pink to red-violet are rarely represented in other triteleias.

There is a definite demarcation between the spreading lobes and the funnel-shaped tube. The pale, crown-like, ring of exserted, blue-anthered stamens accentuates this. The paler inner surface of the throat glistens from the fine, glass-like hairs on its surface. The flowers, numbering between , are displayed in up to 15 cm large umbels on long scapes. The straw-yellow flowers with a dark purple midstripe and powder blue anthers are very attractive.

They are more broadly funnel-shaped than T. There are up to 20, 2. Although in wild it grows in partly shaded spots, here it tolerates full sum. Very rarely offered, beautiful plant for garden and as cut flower. It makes dense globes of glistening white, bowl-shaped perianths with wide overlapping tepals forming up to 25 flowers in large, up to cm in diameter flower heads on cm long stems. Wonderfully fragrant, and a good cut flower.

Like other Triteleia, Hyacinthina is particularly well suited to partial shade, doing especially well under trees, in early spring needs much water, but later prefer dry conditions. A beautiful form with deep violet, funnel-shaped flowers with spreading lobes and violet-purple tips of the tepals, are the largest in the genus. It makes up to 30 flowers composed in 10 cm spheres on up to 40 cm long scapes. A showy garden plant for a sunny border and for cutting.

Should be planted 8 cm deep and cm apart in better-drained soils in good light in the garden or in pots. Tulipa berkariense Little Ilze. Selection from Tulipa berkariense found in Central Asia during my first mountain trip there. This clone, found in the wild at bottom of Berkara gorge has deep purple leaves with only few green veins. Very limited stock, named after my daughter Ilze, who then was small child, but now is famous garden designer in Latvia.

Tulipa berkariense Morning Star. Janis discovered this beautiful short tulip with large widely open star-like white flowers and a large deep yellow centre during his first trip to Central Asia but never had the courage to describe it as a new species.

Recent cytological researches have confirmed that he was right — it really is a new tulip species. Tulipa biflora represents a very confusing group of small-flowered tulips with white starry flowers, usually per stem with many local variants with proper species names. From the Kurama mountain ridge in Uzbekistan. Quite tall growing form with up to 7 flowers on stem.

Flowers white with small yellow throat, anthers black, filaments yellow, at top shaded orange. Extremely rare and maybe cultivated only by us. This is that charming bright red tulip for which Janis crossed the raging river along a steel cable see pictures in Buried Treasures.

In overall appearance similar and taxonomically close to T. It differs in foliage, which is keeled and more upward turned. Flowers are of more orange shade than usually seen in T. Collected very close to the locus classicus — in the heights of Sina valley in SE Uzbekistan. The stock comes from very high altitudes where it flowers in late May. The late flowering habit is maintained in the garden here where it flowers with golden yellow flowers a few weeks after the traditional Dutch stock has finished.

Dwarf and with grey green leaves. True species, very different from the Dutch stock. Dwarf with wide, slightly undulate, greyish, sometimes almost purple leaves, flowers usually yellow with red suffused petal backs, but can be red, orange and even yellow-red striped. Flowers large, brilliant scarlet red, leaves greyish green, undulate.

Some botanists regard this species as conspecific with the T. So different they are in the wild and in the cultivation, too. Our stock is raised from seed collected in Caucasus and is something variable in colour. Flowers with pointed tips bright purest yellow, only on the outside somewhat pinkish shaded, on cm tall stems. Leaves keeled, plain green, sometimes waved. I believe that this species is available only from me. Tulipa fosteriana Fireplace Flame. Very nice hybrid intermediate between both parents - T.

The flowers by shape looks more as in T. Tulipa fosteriana Red Sparkle. It is seedling of complicate pedigree. As seed parent was used hybrid between T. Flower shape and inner base colour resembles T. In flowers are wonderful cocktail of brown, yellow and orange red shades. Tulipa greigii Evening Fire. This excellent form of Tulipa greigii was selected from material originally collected in Berkara gorge in the Kara-tau Mountains. Flowers are very large, deep red with a large heart-shaped purplish black inner basal blotch.

Leaves with pale purple stripes more prominent in the upper half. Flowers dark yellow, inner base black with a very wide dark red edge, leaves distinctly undulate, striped purple.

Raised from a cross with T. A fantastic selection of wild T. Collected wild in a T. Flowers of cold but deep pinkish red colour with a large diffused greyish brown inner basal blotch.

The earliest of tulips in my collection that flowers together with crocuses. Flowers are yellow, shaded greyish-orange on the outside, per bulb on a cm long stem.

Flowers white with a large steel-blue centre. It is not the commercial stock which sometimes appear in catalogues, but distinct plants, carefully multiplied from few bulbs collected wild in Iran from population where only white flowering plants are growing.

This is very beautifully toned form of this extremely variable tulip collected on Karabel pass, Turkey, N of Lake Van on wet stony slope just after stone melting at alt. It is beautiful vegetative clone of great capacity. In wild it formed natural clump of 16 bulbs! Several bulbs of Tulipa kaufmanniana were collected by Janis almost at any trip to Uzbekistan together with Arnis Seisums shortly before Millenium. This one comes from high altitudes of Ihnachsai valley, the spot cl;osely neighbouring to that from where Janis described new reticulata Iris species - Iris pskemense.

It is growing wild in Karadag Nature reserve and with the kind help of Ukrainian botanists I had opportunity to visit this place and collect few bulbs shortly before Russia occupied this territory of Ukraine, so closing it for further researches of Western botanists. A medium tall tulip reaching 40 cm with deep yellow, big and elegant flowers reminds lily-flowered tulips. From the Chu-Ili mts.

This stock was collected in area where only yellow flowering plants were found as single individual of red colour.

So it was identified as red form of T. Some botanists regards it as synonym of Tulipa humilis. Of course, it belongs to this group, but is very distinct by its red flower colour, unknown ion other localities where Tulipa humilis sensu lato is growing.

Dazzling orange-scarlet flowers with a jet-black centre, margined pale yellow and with purple pollen. Usually under this name is offered a garden hybrid. True species collected in the Kugitang mnt. Tulipa montana flava WHIR I suppose that plants pictutred in marvellous monoigraph of Diane Everett under this name really are T.

True montana is plant of more shaded spots, growing between shrubs and under trees and is distinctly taller whiolst true wilsoniana is dwarf tulip from open, rocky spots. Offered stock was collected in Iran just on pass near Khosh Yeylaq, at alt. There are several tulip species regarded as synonyms of T. A relative of T. However, it well differs from these in its very dwarf outward appearance, intensively crinkled, adpressed to soil leaves and long neck between ovary and stigma, something resembling plants from subgenus Orythia.

This is another dwarf multi-flowering tulip with a beautiful compact inflorescence of white starry flowers with a yellow base, greenish on the outside. Collected in the Karatau range, Kazakhstan RK An extremely rare species in nature, so far almost unknown in gardens; well growing outside.

One of the real glories of Iranian mountains, actually it shocked me by size of flowers and long stems of this beauty, when I for the first time saw it blooming on rocky slopes and in small valleys of Iranian mountains. Alternative opinion - it deserves own specific name. Usually one leaf with longitudinal crests on the upper side, for this feature separated in its own section.

Flowers usually one, rarely two or three, white with pinkish tinge and yellow basal blotch and a faint pleasant scent. Only for growing indoors. I recommend planting as late as possible and stgart watering only in December. Identification of those small tulips from Tulipa biflora group is not easy. Only shortly ago I identified this stock collected wild in Tadjikistan as T.

Superficially it looks similar to orithyioides but the style is shorter. Produces several large white flowers with a sharply edged bright yellow basal blotch up to half the petals length. Generally makes only one flower per stem, rarely two.

Tulipa sylvestris is growing throughout Europe where it mostly is garden escaper. You can find it in Latvian shrublands near old manors, too. Greatest problem is to find clones, which will be good bloomers.

It mostly prefers multiplying by side growing stolones and only rarely makes flowers. Few years ago we in garden of our friends found abundantly blooming large bed with this tulip. My wife Guna planted bulbs in his garden around cm deep and they blooms with us as well. The foliage of this tulip, shown here, which is growing in the Zagros Mountains in the western Iran, has a distinctive waviness. The undulations give structural strength to the leaves.

It is not easy to grow and here is suitable only for pots, and regardless of some elongation comparing with the wild plants, it is very nice and worth to try. Flowers white with large yellow centre, from a bulb on 15 cm tall pedicels in rosette of greyish green leaves.

This stock comes from Kashka-Su in Khirghizstan and has more colourful flowers. Crocus chrysanthus Bulgaria Another one crocus from chrysanthus conglomerate, collected much closer to type locality of this beautiful species and most likely belongs to it.

Crocus concinnus This beautifull light blue crocus with prominent deep purple stripes over flower segments back and occasionally has black connective in anthers, is growing around Akseki and formerly was known as one of many so named "isauricus" species. Crocus corsicus Very attractive species, recognisable from first look by its very vivid bright lilac inside and striped outside flowers with red stigma.

Crocus cvijicii 13MCY This one stock was collected just near its locus classicus and it is quite different from Greek populations having flowers from almost white to pale yellow colour, sometimes looking intermediate between C. Greece Flowers very large brightest yellow, even with an orange tint, sometimes very nicely creamy, sweetly scented.

Crocus dalmaticus In general C. Crocus fleischerii Chios Chios forms in general are very similar to the Turkish plants but quite often has dark coloured stigmatic branches adding additional beauty. Crocus gargaricus Together with C. Crocus heuffelianus Carpatian Wonder One of the most beautiful and unusually colored crocuses always in the greatest demand.

Crocus hittiticus A close relative of C. Crocus imperatii Beautiful and easy in gardens species from Italy and as a rule very strikingly coloured. Crocus korolkowii Janis maid many selections of this beautiful yellow-flowering crocus that bloom together with the melting snow and are ones of the earliest here. Crocus kosaninii Crocus kosaninii is easily distinguishable from other related species by its yellow throat and yellow filaments.

Crocus leonidii Hybrid between crocus reticulatus and crocus angustifolius. Crocus minimus It is one of the latest crocuses to bloom in the garden; with me in some seasons it bloomed even in mid-May. Crocus mouradii Crocus mouradii is correct name for plant earlier known as subsp. Crocus munzurense Only recently officially published C.

Crocus nevadensis This makes large clusters of lilac suffused or striped white and fragrant flowers early in the season, Feb-Mar. Crocus nubigena Crocus nubigena from the moment of its discovery and first description was a somewhat enigmatic plant.

Crocus olivieri Abant Masses of bright deep golden yellow flowers among wide spreading leaves, like a miniature C. Crocus olivieri Chios Crocus olivieri occupies a huge area and is surprisingly uniform throughout, although in certain populations some variations are more common than in others.

Crocus orphei Crocus orphei is superficially quite similar to C. Crocus pallidus The taxonomical status of this species still is something uncertain. Crocus paschei Large silvery soft violet-blue flowers with a small golden sometimes rimmed white throat and yellow anthers with a prominent 3-branched red-orange style. Crocus pestalozzae Flowers white with a golden yellow throat. Crocus reinhardii It is another new-comer from Iran which I found during my first trip there and named after fasmous explorer of Iranian flora - Reinhard Fritsch, author of two marvellous book on Iranian and Central Asian Alliums.

Crocus rhodensis This beautiful tiny crocus from C. Crocus rujanensis Crocus rujanensis in outer appearance looks something similar to C. Crocus salurdagensis In cultivation it is not difficult, well sets seed and increases by corm splitting. Crocus scepusinensis In all features, Crocus scepusiensis is very similar to the Crocus heuffelianus, only the style usually well overtops the anthers and the throat is hairy, the chromosome number is different as well.

Crocus schneideri Just recently named a new species. Crocus sieberi This Cretan, high mountainous species with very variable flowers, on the outside stippled and finely striped violet, inside purest white with a deep golden throat belongs to the nicest crocuses. Crocus sieberi Cretan Snow Very beautiful comparatively small, but very abundantly flowering form from mountains of Crete with medium sized pure white rounded flowers with large golden yellow throat and small purplish shaded blotch at base of outer segments outside.

Crocus sieheanus In flowers C. S of Kelkit, This very beautiful crocus seems that escaped attention of other researchers. LST, Crocus chrysanthus forms another taxonomic enigma where shortly ago several species were and still are hidden under this name. Crocus stridii This is a spring-blooming crocus with black anthers from the C. Crocus sublimis Parnassos A selection of this beautiful species from Mount Parnassus in Greece with lighter flowers where the lilac colouring on the segments outside is more speckled.

Crocus sublimis tricolor Flowers delicate lilac with large yellow throat surrounded by a wide white band. Crocus taseliensis This recently described species we were growing as sp. Crocus tauricus Very distinctive from other species within the biflorus complex with erect silvery grey leaves and very long toothed rings of the corm tunic.

Crocus thirkeanus Previous knowkn as crocus herbertii. Crocus tommasinianus Ruby Giant It is the darkest purple selection of Crocus tommasinianus, sometimes characterised even as reddish, what of course is overstated. Crocus variegatus This one crocus was described long ago but up to last regarded as synonim name for C. Crocus vernus Helvetia C. Crocus versicolor Flowers bright violet to lavender and white, always with distinct purple feathering on the exterior of the segments.

Crocus vitellinus Broad-petalled, vivid yellow flowers each of which has a distinct orange zone in the throat around yellow anthers and a divided orange style. Crocus weldenii Flowers very nice something variable in colour - from purest white to white shaded lilac or light purplish on segments outside. Eranthis hyemalis Aurantiaca Lovely form in which the normally acid-lemon flowers are instead distinctly orange shaded.

Eranthis longistipitata Actually more correct name for it is Shibateranthis longistipitata and it is a Central Asian species with a miniature ruff of highly divided leaves behind a bright yellow bloom.

Erythronium americanum Small, blue-green leaves heavily and attractively overlaid with brown marbling. Erythronium grandiflorum A golden-yellow, large flowered form of this widespread fawn lily. Erythronium hendersonii Rose-violet to light purple reflexed flowers with dark purple bases and dark purple anthers.

Erythronium sibiricum The Siberian ally of E. Fritillaria bucharica Flowers white with green nectaries, a very floriferous and vigorous form from Hodji-obi-Garm village in the upper reaches of the Varsob river, the Hissar mnt.

Fritillaria crassifolia crassifolia Iran This subspecies appears fairly distinct from more widely grown subsp. Fritillaria meleagris Plena An almost incredible finding by Henrik Zetterlund carefully increased in my nursery from a single bulb kindly presented to me. Fritillaria michailovskyi Flowers dark reddish purple with a bright yellow upper third of the tepals and up to five on a cm stem.

Fritillaria orientalis In the wild it grows on rocks in peat pockets and under shrubs in the Central Caucasus. Fritillaria poluninii Very rare and dwarf species with comparatively large silvery grey, slightly chequered pendant flowers on cm long stem which widely opens in sun. Fritillaria reutheri A superb and little known Iranian species. Fritillaria stenanthera Flowers pinkish with a purplish base, only cm high.

Galanthus angustifolius Often under this name is offered some narrow-leafed stock of ordinar Galanthus nivalis and long time ago I did the same mistake. Geranium charlesii It is perhaps the best of all of the tuberous geraniums, with knob-like tubers. Geranium charlesii punctata The most beautiful form of G. Geranium kotschyi A close relative of G. Gladiolus humilis I have many unidentified samples of Gladiolus species growing wild in Northern Hemisphere.

Gymnospermium darwasicum Another nice Gymnospermium, quite easy growing sometimes self-seeding although not as spectacular for the stem is quite pale dark brown. Gymnospermium odessanum Extremely rare in nature due cultivation of its natuiral habitats, this stock was grown up from some seeds collected near Odessa by my Ukrainian friend. IRIS A Reticulate irises - A - sometimes regarded as different genus Iridodyctium in most cases are not very difficult in garden but you must provide excellent drainage as they don't like with few exceptions moisture after end of blooming and in summer.

Iris kolpakowskiana Alma Ata One of the rarest Reticulata irises with large light and dark purple and blue flowers and crocus-like leaves. Iris kurdica This beautiful tiny iris I described as subsp. Iris pskemense We found this marvellous reticulata iris while searching for Iris albomarginata a juno.

Iris zagrica WHIR One of very excellent discoveries in Iran where several still unpublished reticulata irises are growing wild. Muscari adilii Muscari in general are much overlooked plants but among them are incredible beauties.

Muscari anatolicum A very nice species described only in with tiny flowers attached with short pedicels to a reddish tinted flower stalk. Muscari armeniacum LST There are not many plants so widely distributed and so variable as it is in M. But because of similar techniques Filipinos can use any object and turned into a weapon by a Filipino martial artist as a force multiplier.

The triangle is one of the strongest geometrical structures and stands for strength. Many training halls incorporate the triangle into their logo. It represents numerous underlying philosophical, theoretical and metaphysical principles in the Filipino martial arts. Applications of the triangle are found in defensive and offensive tactical strategies, including footwork, stances, blocking and disarms.

During training, non-verbal gesture communication and recognition is used in teaching and identification. This sign language, utilizing hand, body and weapons signals; is used to convey ideas, desires, information, or commands. The three combat ranges in the Filipino martial arts are corto close-range , medio medium-range and largo long-range. Filipino martial arts contain a wide range of tactical concepts, both armed and unarmed.

Each art includes several of the methods listed below. Some of these concepts have been taken in isolation to serve as the foundation for entire fighting systems in themselves. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Filipino Martial Arts. This article needs additional citations for verification.

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